Jabs up to date? – better be, legacies of global beneficence and payback owed by anti-vaxxers.

This from Amiya Kumar Bagchi (2005: 86):

‘Inoculation against smallpox, a major killer in Europe up to the middle of the nineteenth century, was a practice imported from Ottoman Turkey. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu described the procedure for inoculation in England in a 1717 letter (Poner 1995). Inoculation was thereafter widely introduced in many parts of northern and western Europe and, as Jennerian vaccination, became part of the public health system by the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth. This practice substantially reduced infant mortality, especially in the Scandinavian countries’

One thought on “Jabs up to date? – better be, legacies of global beneficence and payback owed by anti-vaxxers.”

  1. And: ‘‘In all the societies in which a written language has evolved, high value was placed on learning, which meant generally to read and, in most cases, to write. If we turn to the European tradition, much of which also entered into learned discourse through translations from Arabo-Persian texts, we can start from Aristotle. In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle considered the reasoning power of human beings to be the essential character distinguishing them from other animals (for a comparison between the Aristotelian and Chinese traditions, see Needham and Wang Ling 1956, chapter 9). The reasoning power is expressed through language, which is also a distinguishing mark of human beings’ (Bagchi 2005:121)


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